STRATEGY PAPER ON BANANA
Product Description and Relevant HS Code.
Banana (Musa paradidica L.) belongs to the banana family Musaceae. A banana is an edible fruit produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. The fruit is variable in size, color and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. In Southeast Asia, many more kinds of banana are grown and eaten, so the simple two-fold distinction is not useful and is not made in local languages. Bananas are an excellent source of vitamin B6 , soluble fiber, and contain moderate amounts of vitamin C, manganese and potassium. Along with other fruits and vegetables, consumption of bananas may be associated with a reduced risk of cancer and in women, breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Banana ingestion may affect dopamine production in people deficient in the amino acid tyrosine, a dopamine precursor present in bananas. Individuals with a latex allergy may experience a reaction to bananas
The 90% of this land lies in the Sindh province in the South East Asia of the country. The province of Sindh in Pakistan is major contributor in the field of banana production. However there is a need to launch newest growing technique and latest anti pest medicine to save banana crop from the attack of pests and worms. Because of their size and structure, banana plants are often mistaken for trees. The main or upright growth is called a pseudo stem, which for some species can obtain a height of up to 2–8 m, with leaves of up to 3.5 m in length. Banana fruit grow in hanging clusters, with up to 20 fruit to a tier (called a hand), and 20-30 tiers to a bunch. “Bananas are mature about three months from the time of flowering, with each bunch producing about 15 “hands” or rows. Each hand has about 20 bananas while each bunch will yield about 200 “fingers” or bananas. An average bunch of bananas can weigh between (30 to 40 kilograms) In Sindh Province of Pakistan, commercial cultivation of banana spreads over the districts of Hyderabad, Thatta, Khair pur, and Nawabshah. About 87% of banana acreage of Pakistan in Sindh and the share of this province averaged to 82.03% of total banana production of Pakistan. It has gained quite remarkable popularity in the areas of central and lower Sindh where the climate is moderate. The physical climatic, soils and environmental conditions are particularly congenial in the districts of Hyderabad, Thatta, Khair pur, and Nawabshah for producing banana on commercial scale . Consequently, it has occupied key place in the cropping pattern adopted by the progressive farmers of these districts. But they generally grumble over the complicated marketing system of this important fruit crop. In order to determine the efficiency of various farming types, studies on the economics of producing various crops necessary for giving a guide line to the producers to adopt the most suitable cropping pattern. Side by side the production, the marketing phase is also important. In the present age the expanding role of marketing can in no way be looked upon as wasteful, since the economic function of distribution is doubtless as important as production of goods. As a matter of fact, due to high% of distribution costs incurred by them do not employ high profits or inefficiency in the line of marketing. The research aimed to performed socio-economic analysis of banana production and marketing in Sindh province of Pakistan.